An Introduction to Common Medical Conditions

With the progress of medical science and treatments, people are expected to live longer than before. But a healthy and disease-free life is what makes life worth living. Increasing your awareness about some of the most common chronic conditions can help you to prepare and take necessary steps to stave off the disease as soon as you notice the symptoms. You can also carefully manage your existing chronic conditions by making healthy lifestyle choices. Let us take a look at some of the most widely prevalent health problems.

A List of the Most Common Medical Conditions

Following is a list of the top health problems faced by adults and elderlies in India and all around the world.

Diabetes - Diabetes mellitus commonly known as diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions that cause high blood sugar levels. It has been estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world have been affected by diabetes in the year 2013. There are 2 main types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.  Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to produce insulin and type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance of the body’s cells. Diabetes can lead to cardiovascular diseases, kidney failure, blindness and male sexual dysfunctions.

Introduction to Common Medical Conditions

High Blood Pressure - High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the chronic medical conditions in which blood pressure in the arteries remains persistently elevated. Recent analysis as of the year 2000 shows that there were 972 million people living with hypertension worldwide, and it is estimated that the number will increase to more than 1.56 billion by the year 2025. The biggest problem with hypertension is that you can have it for years without any symptoms while it continues to damage the blood vessels. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage and peripheral artery disease (blocked arteries in your legs or arms).

Heart Diseases - Heart-related diseases are the number one cause of death globally. Cardiovascular disease account for 17.3 million deaths per year and the number is expected to grow to more than 23.6 million by the year 2030. A study among Indian men shows that in this population half of all heart attacks occur at the age of 50 years and 25% under the age of 40 years. Some of the most common types of cardiovascular diseases are coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, deep vein thrombosis, rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease.

Asthma - Asthma is one of the most common medical problems that is equally prevalent among children and adults. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm. Approximately 235 million people suffer from asthma globally, and the number continues to rise. Asthma is caused by a fusion of genetic and environmental factors, and its symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. In most cases, asthma is underdiagnosed and under-treated leading to recurrent asthma attacks.

Arthritis - Arthritis is one of the common health problems among elderlies that affects one or more joints of the body and hinders mobility. Arthritis causes joint inflammation. There are more than 100 separate forms of arthritis – osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, septic arthritis, etc. Approximately 350 million people worldwide have arthritis, and it can affect men, women, children and adults. The most common symptoms of arthritis include pain, stiffness, swelling and redness of the joints. While arthritis cannot be cured, proper treatment, medication along with a healthy lifestyle can make a world of difference.

Osteoporosis - Osteoporosis is a largely preventable bone disorder common in elderlies. It is caused due to decreased bone strength that leads to broken bones and painful fractures. The bones that are most damaged by osteoporosis are backbones, bones of forearms and the hips. There are no typical symptoms of osteoporosis. Each year approximately 8.9 million fractures are caused due to osteoporosis, and it is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide. It is never too late to prevent osteoporosis and stop its progress by following a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D and opting for daily strength training exercise.

Common Medical Conditions

Obesity and Weight Gain - Obesity has emerged as one of the main chronic medical diseases in modern times that can lead to heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, gallstones and other chronic illnesses. Nearly 2.1 billion people (30% of the world’s population) are either obese or overweight. A BMI (Body Mass Index) of higher than 30 in adults is considered obese. Obesity is difficult to treat because it has high relapse rate. Treatment for obesity includes medications, life-long commitment to proper diet and regular exercise along with an active lifestyle.

So, stay updated about the symptoms, treatments and cures for the most common health problems and share the information with your family and friends to enjoy a safe and healthy life.

All the treatments – medicines, injections and vaccines are for general information of the reader. Please consult a doctor and get a formal prescription before taking any medicines, supplements and injections.

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