Do you experience pain in your joints? Do you suffer from stiffness in your joints? You might be suffering from osteoarthritis! Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the cartilage, it leads to the breakdown of cartilage. You can treat osteoarthritis when you know its symptoms. What are its symptoms? Read on…
As people age, their bodies become prone to many diseases. One such disease is osteoarthritis. You can treat osteoarthritis in the early stages when you know its symptoms.
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is related with the breakdown of cartilage in joints. It usually occurs in knees, hips and spine. It can also occur in fingers, neck, thumb and large toe.
Though osteoarthritis affects old people, it can also affect people who are in their 20’s and 30’s when they have had a joint injury or repetitive joint stress.
What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?
The symptoms of osteoarthritis are as follows:
- Pain in joints
- Stiffness in joints
- Tenderness in joints
- Loss of flexibility
- Joint swelling
- Joint soreness
- Grating sensation when you use the joint
What causes osteoarthritis?
Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that allows frictionless movement. When you are affected with osteoarthritis, the cartilage becomes rough. As the time passes the cartilage wears down completely. When this happens, a bone will rub another bone. This might lead to bone damage.
What increases your risk for osteoarthritis?
The following factors increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis:
- Age: As you age, your risk for developing osteoarthritis increases.
- Sex: Above the age of 50, osteoarthritis affects women more than men.
- Genetics: Some people might develop osteoarthritis from their family members.
- Obesity: When people are fat, extra weight is put on the weight-bearing joints. Also fat tissues can cause inflammation around your joints. Hence obesity leads to osteoarthritis.
- Work: If your work requires you to put stress on a particular joint, you might have a high risk of developing osteoarthritis.
- Bone deformities: You could develop osteoarthritis when you have defective cartilage or abnormal joints.
- Joint injuries: You might develop osteoarthritis if you have had an accident.
- Related diseases: People with rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes have high risk of developing osteoarthritis.
How is osteoarthritis different from rheumatoid arthritis?
In osteoarthritis, the breakdown of cartilage in joints occurs whereas in rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane that protects and lubricates joints gets inflamed. Osteoarthritis occurs because of excessive wear of the cartilage between joints whereas rheumatoid arthritis occurs because the person’s immune system attacks a joint irrespective of its usage. People with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are different medications.
What happens if you ignore osteoarthritis?
When you ignore osteoarthritis, you might face the following complications:
- Infection and bleeding inside the joint
- Complete breakdown of cartilage which leads to severe arthritis.
- Hairline cracks that appear when you have repeated injury
- Nerve compression
- Joint pains might interfere with your daily tasks
As you age, osteoarthritis can give you pain when you move. You might have to unwillingly become immobile. So take action now!
If you experience any symptoms of osteoarthritis, consult rheumatologist online at eVaidya now! Sign up and subscribe for a consultation plans now! At eVaidya, the doctors are verified and authenticated by Medical Council of India (MCI). eVaidya gives an user satisfaction rate of 98.3%.
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