Back pain: Types, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

Back pain: Types, Symptoms and Preventive Measures

Experiencing constant pain in the back? Do you feel numbness or tingling sensation in the back? If yes, then you should get it treated immediately. If left untreated, it can lead to uncontrolled leakage of urine. Then, how to overcome this problem is the biggest challenge that most people are looking for? Well, here you are going to find information about what is back pain, its causes and the preventive steps.

Back pain-what you should know?

Certain factors like poor posture, sitting incorrectly while driving etc. trigger back pain. Generally back pain is felt in the lower back. It can start from the muscles, joints, nerves etc. Back pain is usually felt when the muscles surrounding the spine experience strain.

What are the types?

There are various kinds of back pain. General back pain, sciatica pain, low back strain and nighttime back pain are few kinds of back pain.

  1. General back pain: This can be caused due to bad habits, sports injuries, accidents etc.
    Symptoms are:
  • Constant pain or stiffness along the back
  • Sharp pain in the back especially after doing some strenuous work
  • Pain that moves from lower back to the toes
  • Sharp pain in the middle or lower back after sitting or standing for long periods
  • Muscles spasms in the lower back
  1. Sciatica: It is a condition that affects the sciatic nerve; it runs from the lower back to each leg.
    Symptoms are:
  • Weakness, burning, numbness or tingling sensation down the leg
  • Pain in the rear or leg that worsens while sitting
  • Persistent pain on one side of the rear
  • Difficulty in moving leg or foot
  • Pain that makes a person difficult to stand
  1. Low back strain: Some muscles and ligaments in the back hold the spinal vertebrae in place. Stretching to extremes can cause tears in the tissue due to which the muscles can become weak. The muscles and ligaments won’t be able to hold spine erect. This leads to low back strain.
    Symptoms are:
  • Aching and stiffness sensation in the back
  • Pain at the back of the thigh
  • Pain that becomes worse while bending, coughing, stretching or sneezing
  1. Nighttime back pain: Nighttime back pain is a condition in which the back pain worsens during night.

What causes back pain?

One day or other, you will be certainly facing this problem at some point of your life. So, it is better to know the factors that triggers back pain. This will help in preventing yourself from this problem. Few factors are:

  • Lack of exercise
  • Improper lifting
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Skeletal irregularities
  • Bulged or ruptured disks

How it can be prevented?

Maintaining healthy lifestyle can help relieve back pain. Smoking and second hand smoke leads to back pain, hence avoid them. Also practice good posture. Physical exercises, medicines and injections can reduce back pain. If the pain doesn’t subside and is too severe, the person should go for surgery.

What happens if ignored?

When back pain is ignored, it can lead to Cauda Equina Syndrome. In this syndrome, the spinal nerve roots get damaged, which can lead to uncontrolled leakage of urine and permanent paralysis of the legs.

Hope this information has helped you a lot. To know more about back pain, you can consult a family practice doctor online at eVaidya now!

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