Can Gum Disease Lead to Cancer?

Can Gum Disease Lead to Cancer?

Do you have inflamed gums? Do your gums bleed while brushing? You might be showing signs of gingivitis! When left untreated it can lead to periodontitis. Plaque when left untreated can result into periodontitis. Periodontitis can cause neck and head cancer. Periodontitis can lead to many other types of cancer. What are they? Read on…

It’s a known fact that teeth should be kept clean. The fact that is less known is disease in the gums can lead to cancer. Now, that’s shocking right? Advanced gum disease can actually increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by 63%.

While studying the statistical health records of 50,000 patients it was found out that there was a 33% increase in the risk of lung cancer, 50 % increase in the risk of kidney cancer and 30% increase in the risk of blood cancer among those with gum disease.

Firstly, what is gum disease?

In the initial stage of gum disease, the bacteria in the plaque build up. This causes gum inflammation and bleeding gums while brushing. When left untreated, periodontitis occurs. In periodontitis, gaps are formed in between the teeth and gums. Debris gets collected in these gaps. The bacterium in the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins break down the bone and the connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. With time the gaps deepen and it leads to tooth loss.

How does gum disease lead to cancer?

In healthy people, the oral biofilm that contains billions of bacteria in the mouth protect the body and support the body’s ability to live. When there is a disturbance in the biofilm, it produces disease-causing pathogens which lead to gum disease. These bacteria can enter the blood which can cause the liver to produce C-reactive proteins. These C-reactive proteins can lead to the growth of cancer cells.

Gum disease can lead to the following types of cancers:

  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Oral cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Head and neck cancer

Gum disease and pancreatic cancer

Gum disease that is periodontitis leads to the rise in oral bacteria, gastric acidity and nitrosamines in the oral cavity. All of these promote cancer. This increases the carcinogens in pancreas which leads to pancreatic cancer. People with gum disease are 63% more likely to develop pancreatic cancer when compared to the people with healthy gums.

Gum disease and oral cancer

Tooth loss leads to oral cancer. The chronic trauma and irritation of oral mucosa can lead to the formation of cancer cells.

Gum disease and kidney cancer

Gum disease increases the risk of kidney cancer by 50%. Tooth loss leads to kidney cancer. The 2 diseases are connected by chronic inflammation as both are considered as inflammatory conditions.

Gum disease and head and neck cancer

Chronic periodontitis leads to a fourfold increase in the head and neck cancer for each millimetre of related bone loss around teeth.

Gum disease can prove to be fatal! If you have gum disease, consult a dentist online at eVaidya now.


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