Cervical cancer occurs when cells in the cervix become abnormal and multiply rapidly. HIV vaccine is not the only way to prevent this cancer. Keep reading to know the other measures to prevent cervical cancer.
Generally, cervical cancer is caused due to Human Papillomavirus (HPV). One can get infected with this virus through sexual contacts. Some types of HPV cause genital warts whereas some lead to cervical cancer.
Pain during sexual contact, pain in the pelvis, abnormal bleeding from the vagina, vaginal discharge, weight loss are some of the symptoms of this cancer.
Multiple sexual partners, having sex at young age, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), smoking and weak immune system are the risk factors of this disease.
Papanicalaou test (Pap test), HPV DNA test and biopsy are used to detect the abnormal cells in the cervix.
The doctor can conduct various imaging tests like X-Rays, CT scans, etc. He/she can visually check the bladder and rectum through scopes.
Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are used to treat this cancer.
How can this cancer be prevented?
Cervical cancer can be prevented by following some simple measures:
- Go for regular Pap tests: Consult your doctor how often you should go for a Pap test. The Pap test schedule depends on your age and other factors.
- Quit smoking: Smoking and second hand smoking can increase the risk of this cancer. Hence quit smoking today!
- Get yourself vaccinated: Men who are 21 or below and women who are 26 or below should get HPV vaccine. Children can get this vaccine at 9 years of age itself.
Since cervical cancer mainly occurs due to sexual contact, preventing an STI will indirectly prevent this cancer.
How are STI’s prevented?
Follow the below measures to prevent STI:
- Discuss with your partner about STI: Ask your partner if he/she has an increased risk of developing an STI. One can get infected with STI unknowingly. For example, HIV generally takes 6 months to get detected.
- Be alert: Don’t indulge in sex when you have STI and avoid having sex with people who have STI.
- Maintain limited sexual partners: The more the number of sexual partners, the higher is the risk of getting infected by STI. Also use condoms when you have sex.
STI’s can be transmitted through genitals, anus, mouth or throat when they are involved in sex.
Follow the above measures to stay safe from cervical cancer. For more information, consult a gynaecologist online at eVaidya now.
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