Do you experience chronic constipation or rectal bleeding? You might have tumor in your colon! You should undergo colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a way to detect and treat tumors. If you neglect tumors, they may become cancerous in nature, they might infect your body and they may even lead to death. What is colonoscopy? Read on…
Have you experienced chronic constipation or rectal bleeding? You might have visited your doctor, your doctor might have suggested you a colonoscopy to confirm the cause.
What is a Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure that lets your doctor know the condition of your large intestine.
Your doctor will insert a long flexible tube in your rectum. At the tip of the tube will be a small video camera that sends images to an external monitor. These images let your doctor study the inside of your colon.
Why do you need a Colonoscopy?
Your doctor will suggest you a colonoscopy when you suffer from the following problems:
- Chronic constipation
- Abdominal pain
- Chronic diarrhea
- Blood in stool
If you have had polyps before, your doctor might suggest you a colonoscopy to detect and remove additional polyps.
How frequently should you go for a colonoscopy?
If you are above 50 years, you should repeat your colonoscopy every 10 years.
However, depending on various conditions you might have to repeat it more often. The conditions are as follows:
- Multiple or large polyps
- Colorectal cancer
- Family history
- Family history of nonpolyposis colon cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Multiple or large polyps: If you have had:
- 1-2 non-cancerous polyps, you should repeat your colonoscopy in 5 years.
- 3-10 non-cancerous polyps or 1 polyp greater than 1 centimeter you should repeat colonoscopy within 3 years of removing the polyp.
- More than 10 non-cancerous polyps then repeat colonoscopy in less than 3 years.
- Polyps are permanently attached and are removed in portions, repeat colonoscopy every 2-6 months.
- Colorectal cancer: If you underwent a colorectal surgery, you should go for colonoscopy after 1 year. If it’s normal after 1 year, repeat colonoscopy in every 3 years. If it’s normal after 3 years, repeat colonoscopy in every 5 years.
- Family history: You should undergo colonoscopy at the age of 40 and you should repeat every 5 years.
- Family history of hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer: You should undergo a colonoscopy every 1 or 2 years starting from the age of 20 to 25.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: If you have had pancolitis, you should leave a gap of 8 years and a gap of 12-15 years after you underwent left-sided colitis. After leaving a gap, you should go for colonoscopy in every 1 to 2 years.
If you go for regular colonoscopy as explained above, you might reduce your risk of getting colon cancer. You can be away from colon cancer by leading a healthy lifestyle. You should consume a diet rich in colorful fruits and vegetables. You should not eat processed food and fried food. They load up fat in your body and make you susceptible to diseases. Also say no to alcohol.
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