Do you experience intense pain on your back? Do you pass urine in small quantities? Do you urinate frequently? You might be having kidney stones! If not treated immediately, kidney stones can cause infection and kidney failure. To treat kidney stones, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Kidney stones are pebble like structures found in the kidneys. There are made up of salts and minerals. The stones can be as large as golf balls and when they pass through a ureter, they can cause pain.
There are various types of kidney stones. They are as follows:
- Calcium stones: Majority of the kidney stones are calcium stones. Generally they are in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is found in some vegetables and fruits, nuts, chocolates etc. High doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders can also increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine.
- Struvite stones: Struvite stones form as a result of urinary tract infection. These stones can quickly grow large in size.
- Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones can form in people who have fewer fluids in their body due to dehydration, those who have high-protein diet and those who have gout.
- Cystine stones: These stones form as a result of hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
Generally, a person will not experience symptoms till the kidney stone travels outside the body through the tubes of urinary tract. The movement of the kidney stone will cause the following symptoms:
- Severe pain in the back and side
- Intense pain in lower abdomen
- Pain in the groin
- Pain that comes in waves
- Painful urination
- Urine in pink, red or brown colour
- Foul-smelling urine
- Cloudy urine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blood in the urine
- Frequent urination
- Passing small amounts of urine
What increases the risk of kidney stones?
The following factors increase the risk of kidney stones:
- Family or personal history: If your parents or siblings had kidney stones, you are at an increased risk of developing kidney stones. Also if you have had kidney stones, you are at an increased risk of developing them again.
- Dehydration: People who don’t drink enough water are at an increased risk of developing kidney stones. Also people who live in warm climates and those who sweat a lot are more likely to get kidney stones.
- Diet rich in sodium: When a person takes a diet rich in sodium, the calcium content in the kidneys increase. This can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
- Obesity: The more the BMI and waist size, the more is the chance of developing kidney stones.
- Diseases: Diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, chronic diarrhea, renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroididsm can increase the risk of developing kidney stones.
- Gastric bypass surgery: A person who underwent a gastric bypass surgery is at an increased risk of developing kidney stones.
When left untreated, kidney stones can cause infection. It can also lead to kidney failure. Hence if you experience any of the symptoms of kidney stones, consult a nephrologist online at eVaidya now!
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