Do you recognize the Signs of Epilepsy in Children?

Do you recognize the Signs of Epilepsy in Children?

Does your child stare at you continuously? Does your child experience jerking movements in his hands and legs? He might be having epilepsy! When epilepsy is not treated in the initial stages, it can lead to serious conditions like depression, suicide etc. To treat epilepsy, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…

Epilepsy is a condition wherein the person suffers from recurrent seizures. Seizure is a session in which the person experiences short or long periods of vigorous shaking.

There are 2 types of seizures. They are as follows:

  1. Generalised seizures: All the parts of the brain are involved in generalized seizures.
  2. Partial seizures: Only a part of the brain is involved in partial seizures.

What are the symptoms of seizures in children?

The symptoms of seizure vary depending on the type of seizure.
1. Generalised seizure: Under generalised seizures there are 4 types of seizures. They are absence, myoclonic, atonic and tonic-clonic seizures.

a. Absence seizure: The symptoms of absence seizures are as follows:

  • Continuous stare
  • All of a sudden the child stops what he is doing
  • No response
  • Child gets alert immediately after the seizureb

b. Myoclonic seizure: The symptoms of myoclonic seizures are as follows:

  • Brief jerks that involve the whole body or just the arms or legs
  • Jerks that occur upon walking
  • Involuntarily throws objects

c. Atonic seizure: The symptoms of atonic seizures are as follows:

  • Loses muscle tone
  • Falls on the floor
  • Nods head
  • Jerks
  • Child become conscious after the seizured

d. Tonic-clonic seizure: The symptoms of tonic-clonic seizures are as follows:

  • In tonic period
  • Loses consciousness and falls down
  • Cries loudly
    • Clenches teeth
    • Lips turn blue
    • Saliva drips
    • Stops breathing
  • Heart rate increases
  • Blood pressure rises
  • Sweats
  • Experiences tremors
  • In clonic period
    • Breathes shallowly
    • Jerks in arms and legs
    • Pupils contract and dilate
  • Loses bowel or bladder control
  • Feels drowsy or depressed

2. Partial seizures: Under partial seizures, there are simple partial seizures and complex partial seizures.

a. Simple partial seizures: The simple partial seizures are divided into 4 types. They are motor, sensory, autonomic and psychic seizures.

I. Motor seizures:
The symptoms of motor seizures are as follows:

  • Brief muscle contractions
  • Jerking movements
  • Movement of the eye and head
  • Child remains conscious after the seizure

II. Sensory seizures: The symptoms of sensory seizures are as follows:

  • Seeing things that are not present
  • Hearing or smelling things that are not present
  • Feeling needle like sensations in parts of the body
  • Child remains conscious throughout the seizure

III. Autonomic seizures: The symptoms of autonomic seizures are as follows:

  • Changes in heart rate
  • Breathing problems
  • Upset stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of bladder control

IV. Psychic seizures: The symptoms of psychic seizures are as follows:

  • Memory problems
  • Sudden emotions of fear, depression, happiness etc

b. Complex partial seizures: The symptoms of complex partial seizures are as follows:

  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Repeating words or phrases
  • Screaming or yelling
  • Walking or running

When left untreated seizures can lead to depression, suicide etc. If your child suffers from any of the above symptoms of epilepsy, consult a pediatric neurologist online at eVaidya now!


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