Do you have red eyes? Are you experiencing itchy sensation in your eyes? Do you have burning sensation in your eyes? You might be showing signs of conjunctivitis! When left untreated conjunctivitis can damage your vision. To treat conjunctivitis, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of conjunctiva. Conjunctiva is a transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eyeball. Conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye.
What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis?
The symptoms of conjunctivitis are as follows:
- Redness in the eye
- Teary eye
- Burning sensation in the eye
- Itchiness in the eye
- Thick yellow discharge that forms over the eye especially at nights
- Blurred vision
- Yellow-green discharge from the eye
What causes conjunctivitis?
Viruses, bacteria, chemical splash, foreign objects, or allergies can cause conjunctivitis.
Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis
Generally a person with bacterial conjunctivitis experiences yellow-green discharge in the eye whereas a person with viral conjunctivitis experiences white discharge. Both bacterial conjunctivitis and viral conjunctivitis are associated with conditions such as cold, sore throat etc. These 2 types of conjunctivitis can spread easily through direct or indirect contact with the eye secretions of the infected person. These 2 types of conjunctivitis can affect 1 eye or both eyes.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is mostly observed in children.
Allergic conjunctivitis is the body’s response to allergy-causing substance. The allergy-causing substances are called allergens. When allergens like pollen affect your senses, your body will produce an antibody called immunoglobulin. This immunoglobulin will trigger the release of histamine. This release of histamine can cause allergy. This leads to conjunctivitis. This type of conjunctivitis can cause sneezing, watery nasal discharge, intense itching etc. Allergic conjunctivitis affects both eyes.
Conjunctivitis occurring due to foreign particle or chemical splash can be cured by cleaning the eye. This causes redness and irritation. You should consult a doctor if it doesn’t clear up in a day.
What increases the risk of conjunctivitis?
The following factors increase the risk of conjunctivitis:
- Exposure to allergy-causing substances
- Direct or indirect contact with a person who has conjunctivitis
- Usage of contact lenses, particularly extended- wear lenses
When left untreated, conjunctivitis can cause inflammation of the cornea which in turn can affect the vision. Hence if you experience any of the symptoms of conjunctivitis, consult an ophthalmologist online at eVaidya now!
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