Does Anesthesia Cause Memory Problems in Adults?

An anesthesia is essentially a medically induced coma. The specially trained doctor or nurse will give the treatment to the patient, and doctor/ nurse will also monitor a patient’s vital signs and rate of breathing during the treatment procedure. One-third of patients who undergoes anesthesia and surgery experience some kind of cognitive impairment such as memory loss problems such as Anterograde amnesia, Retrograde amnesia, Post-traumatic amnesia, Transience, Blocking, and Misattribution. Recent surveys report that many adults are suffering from memory loss problems and get affected mostly up to a degree. The most problems faced by these patients in daily life are forgetfulness, and loss of short-term memory.


Medications are one of the more common practises that can cause memory loss. After the surgery, doctors prescribe powerful antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, muscle relaxants, tranquilizers, sleeping pills and pain medications, which can lead to memory loss problems. Memory loss can also occur due to consumption of excessive alcohol and drugs. Regular smoking can badly affect the memory in long run by reducing the amount of oxygen that supplied to the brain. Both quantity and quality of sleep are equally prominent to live healthy. Fatigue majorly occurs due to “too little sleep and frequently wakeups in the night”.

Alzheimer’s is a brain disease that causes slow decline in memory, and effects on the thinking and reasoning ability of the brain. The warnings and signs of memory loss are forgetfulness, difficulty to complete the easy work, confusion on time or place, repeating the same words, misplacing the things, mood and personality swings. Sometimes doctors suggest to the family members or nurse of the diagnosed patient to identify the symptoms of memory diseases such as confusion, suspicious nature, depression level, fear/ phobia, anxious state, easy upsets frequency at home and work, or with friends before are treating them as memory loss patients.

Depression and stress can also make the patient to pay attention and focus on anything. The Mind is over stimulated or distracted when the person is in tensed state, hence he/she is not able to remember anything. High-quality nutrition and proper food are important to nourish the brain, and also deficiency of vitamin B1 and B12 can affect memory badly. Some side effects of anesthesia are dizziness, difficulty to pass urine, nausea, vomiting, and shivering. The most common side effects we can see in elders are temporary confusion and memory loss. Anesthesia can be given to a person up to a certain amount, with the help of general anesthetic doctor, or else it may impact the brain of the diagnosed patient.


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