Fatty Liver Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

Fatty Liver Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

Fatty liver disease is a reversible condition. When left untreated, it can lead to alcoholic hepatitis. Keep reading to know about its diagnosis and treatment…

Fatty liver disease is a condition in which the fat in the liver makes up more than 5%-10% of the organ’s weight. There are three types of fatty liver disease namely alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and acute fatty liver of pregnancy.

Over consumption of alcohol is the main cause of fatty liver disease. The other causes include obesity, hepatitis C, certain medications, rapid weight loss etc.

How is it diagnosed?

Diagnosis is carried out in the following ways:

Physical examination: Generally fatty liver disease is diagnosed during a routine check up; your doctor might find a little larger liver than the usual.

Blood test: The doctor can carry out a blood test to check for higher levels of liver enzymes.

Ultrasound: The doctor can carry out an ultrasound, CT scan or MRI. A white area on the liver will confirm fat on it.

Biopsy: The doctor will carry out a biopsy wherein he/she will numb the liver with a local anaesthetic and will inject a needle to remove some tissue from liver. This tissue is studied under microscope to find the signs of fat and causes for the disease.

How is it treated?

People suffering from alcoholic fatty liver disease who drink heavily should quit drinking. They should consult the doctor on how to quit drinking.

People who have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease should also avoid drinking. If they are overweight, they should try to reduce their weight by one to two pounds a week.

Leading an active lifestyle by incorporating habits like eating a balanced diet, regular exercise, limiting high-carb foods etc can keep you away from fatty liver disease.

If you experience pain in centre or upper part of the belly, consult a gastroenterologist online now!


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