How can Obesity lead to Infertility?

How can Obesity lead to Infertility?

Are you obese? Do you suffer from infertility? Obesity can lead to various changes in men and women that can lead to infertility. Infertility can be quite depressing and it can cause problems among couples. To increase the chances of fertility, you should do certain changes in lifestyle. What are the changes? Read on…

Obesity is a worldwide concern. It can lead to a variety of diseases. One major disease that obesity could lead to is infertility.

Firstly, are you obese?

Obesity can be found out by the help of body mass index (BMI). Calculate your weight now!

BMI= 703×Weight in pounds(Height in inches)2  or

BMI= Weight in kilograms (Height in metres)2

Now, check if you are underweight, normal or overweight!

BMI Weight
<18.5 Underweight
18.5-24.9 Healthy weight
25-29.9 Overweight
>30 Obese


Unfaithfully if you are obese, you might have high chances of experiencing infertility.

What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as not being able get pregnant despite having regular unprotected sex for 1 year.

How does obesity lead to infertility?

According to a study, women who were severely obese were 43% less likely to achieve pregnancy when compared to the women who had normal weight.

In obese people when fat accumulates in the body, it results in higher estrogen and lower testosterone levels. Higher levels of estrogen prevent the formation of androgens, hormones required for the development of normal male reproductive function. Moreover high blood pressure, high blood glucose, high cholesterol levels etc that come with obesity will lead to erectile dysfunction.

In women the changes in sex hormones can lead to the increased production of androgens. Also obesity is associated with increased insulin production and insulin resistance. These 2 factors can increase the production of androgens and abnormal follicles in the ovary. This results in disruption of the ovarian and menstrual activity, which leads to infertility.

How to increase fertility chances?

Men and women can improve their fertility chances by making simple changes in their lifestyle.

The changes are as follows:

  • Eat Healthy: Eating a balanced diet will keep the hormones in normal levels. This will improve the health of reproductive system. Foods rich in vitamin C and E will increase the sperm count in men and it will reduce the stress on reproductive organs in women. Avoid seafood since they contain high levels of mercury that will lead to decreased fertility. Avoid processed foods to have normal hormone levels.
  • Exercise: Moderate exercise can burn off the excess fat. Women shouldn’t exercise in excessive amounts; it might lead to irregular ovulation. Engage yourselves in physical activities like walking, swimming etc.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking affects the fertility in both men and women. Smoking reduces the sperm count in men. Smoking in women leads to miscarriages. Studies show that smokers are 30% less fertile when compared to non-smokers.
  • Alcohol consumption: Overconsumption of alcohol can reduce the chances of fertility by 50%. It affects the sperm counts in men. In women, it affects the menstrual cycles.

Infertility can be quite depressing. If you are suffering from infertility make the above changes in lifestyle. For more queries, consult a sexologist online on eVaidya now!


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