Are you fat? Do you feel easily tired after doing some day-to-day activities? You are obese! A sedentary lifestyle with unhealthy diet and lack of exercise can lead to obesity. Obesity can lead to serious diseases like heart disease, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis etc. How is obesity measured? How is obesity diagnosed? Read on…
Obesity is a condition in which a person has excessive body fat. Obesity leads to a variety of severe diseases.
What leads to obesity?
Some are obese because of their genes. The genes can affect the amount of body fat stored and distributed in the body. When family members have similar lifestyle habits, the child can be at an increased risk of developing obesity. That is if the family members are obese, the child can also be obese. An unhealthy diet filled with fast food with low portions of fresh fruits and vegetables also contributes to obesity. When a person doesn’t exercise he has increased chances of becoming obese.
Reduced sleep can lead to changes in hormones; this in turn can lead to obesity. Certain medicines like antidepressants, diabetes medications etc can also lead to obesity. Some medical conditions like arthritis, Cushing’s syndrome etc can increase the chances of a person of becoming obese.
Tests to diagnose obesity
To diagnose obesity, a doctor will perform the following tests:
- Health history: The doctor will firstly review about the patient’s lifestyle. The doctor will ask questions regarding weight history, weight-loss efforts, eating patterns, medical history, stress etc. The doctor might also review the family history of the patient.
- Health problems: The doctor will evaluate other health problems if you have any.
- BMI: The doctor will check your weight and height to calculate BMI. BMI will give the level of obesity. It will also help the doctor determine the overall health risk and the appropriate treatment needed.
- Waist circumference: Fat present around the waist increases the risk of diseases like diabetes and heart disease. It’s been observed that men with waist circumference more than 40 and women with waist circumference more than 35 are at an increased risk of developing serious diseases when compared to people with smaller waist measurements.
- General physical exam: The doctor will check the vital signs such as blood pressure, temperature, heart rate etc.
- Blood tests: Depending on your health, symptoms and risk factors the doctor might suggest a few more tests such as liver function tests, thyroid test, cholesterol test, fasting glucose test etc. The doctor can also suggest an electrocardiogram.
Obesity can be cured by making lifestyle changes. A balanced diet consisting of fresh and colourful vegetables and fruits can aid weight loss. Daily exercise of 30 minutes can bring down weight. Say no to processed foods! They contain high amounts of sodium and fats that leads to obesity. Sleep for 6-8 hours a day. Drink plenty of water; it will flush out toxins from your body. This will promote weight loss.
Obesity can lead to type-2 diabetes, stroke etc. If you are obese take action now! Consult a family practice doctor online at eVaidya!
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