Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) let out a report on May 12th this year, which said that, the per capita consumption of alcohol in India has increased by 55 percent in the period 1992-2012.
OECD’s report also states that globally, alcohol use is the fifth main cause that leads to death and disability. Heavy drinking is usually found in youngsters and women. Children also get influenced and start drinking in their early ages. When it comes to drinking, girls are equal to boys.
Heavy drinking leads to increase in absenteeism, lower productivity and salaries. The global value of production is predicted to be 1 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in high and middle income countries.
Alcohol consumption is a major problem worldwide. It results in life threatening diseases such as cancer, hemorrhagic stroke, heart disease, liver cirrhosis etc. The chance of developing the above diseases increases when alcohol consumption is combined with tobacco use.
According to World Health Organisation (WHO), alcohol abuse leads to the death of 3.3 million people every year. In 2010, it lead to the death of 4.9 million people. Since it is the main cause for death in men aging 15-49 years, it affects the society’s development.
WHO also stated that 30 percent of the Indians consume alcohol, among these, 4-13 percent drink daily and 50 percent of these are heavy drinkers. The average age in which people start drinking it was 28 years in 1980’s which fell down to 17 years in 2007. This decrease is a cause of worry.
Alcohol consumption leads to 25 percent of the road accidents and it is also a major contributor in domestic violence.
Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, oncologist, Tata Memorial hospital, stated that alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancers of mouth, liver, breast, food pipe and oropharynx. He added that it is consumed by many youngsters. Till now, policies are not framed to control the intake of alcohol. The reports and studies presented show that there should be an immediate national policy to control alcohol consumption.
How can it be controlled?
Simple steps can help you in reducing the amount of alcohol you consume.
- Before you decide on drinking, set a limit to how much you should drink.
- Spend only fixed amount of money on drinking.
- Tell your family and friends that you have decided on reducing alcohol consumption; they will support you in this cause.
- Opt for the smaller size alcoholic drinks.
- Alternate alcoholic drinks with non alcoholic drinks.
- Drink water before you drink alcohol. If you feel thirsty, opt for soft drinks instead of alcohol.
Implement the above steps and quit alcohol consumption soon. For more information, consult a family practice doctor online at eVaidya now!
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