Have you undergone knee replacement surgery? Want to know what sort of care should be taken for quick recovery? Well, this article talks about care after knee replacement surgery.
Knee replacement surgery is a procedure in which the damaged knee is replaced by an artificial joint.
People suffering from conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, haemophilia, gout, etc opt for knee replacement surgery.
What happens after the surgery?
In the post operative ward, you will be given fluids and painkillers through a tube in the arm. This will include:
- Pain-controlled analgesia in which the person can control the supply of painkiller going into the vein
- Painkilling injections or tablets
Oxygen will be given through masks. Blood transfusion might be necessary. Various drains are used to drain the blood from the operated area. The wound dressing will be changed regularly till it gets healed.
One will experience more pain on the second and third day of the surgery as the anaesthesia affect wears off. Painkillers will be given to counter this affect.
The speed of your recovery depends on the following factors:
- General health
- Strength of muscles
- Condition of other joints
A person undergoing knee replacement surgery will have an average hospital stay of 3-5 days. Generally, people stand and move their joint on the next day of the surgery itself. You will be made to walk with the help of crutches, walker or crane until your knee can withstand your body’s weight. After 6 weeks, people start walking with minimal assistance.
Exercise at home
Exercise plays an important role in the recovery process. A physiotherapist will recommend some exercises for quick recovery. You can also indulge in sports like golf, tennis and skiing upon consulting your doctor. Cycling is another alternative to recover.
The person shouldn’t twist his/her leg for 6 months. Kneeling and squatting should also be avoided.
Precautions at home
Follow the below precautions at home:
- Keep stair-climbing to the minimum. Climb stairs for not more than once or twice a day
- Sit on a firm, straight-back chair, do not use recliners
- To avoid falls, keep your room free of unnecessary debris
- Enthusiastic pets should be kept at distance till you get healed
A quick recovery is possible when you follow the above precautions. For more information, consult an orthopedist online at eVaidya now!
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