Are you obese? You are at an increased risk of developing serious diseases. Generally obesity leads to high blood pressure, high levels of triglycerides, high levels of bad cholesterol etc. All of these can put you at an increased risk of life threatening diseases. What are the life threatening diseases? Read on…
Obesity is a condition in which a person has excessive amount of body fat. Obesity puts a person at an increased risk of severe diseases.
Are you obese?
One can check for obesity by the help of the following formula.
BMI=703xWeight in Pounds/(Height in Inches)2
BMI=703xWeight in Kilograms/(Height in Meters)2
Now, check if you are underweight, normal or overweight!
Obesity is a result of sedentary lifestyle. When one has processed food often he can put on weight. Sitting in front of the T.V, laptops etc can make a person fat. Outdoor activities are important to maintain normal weight. Insomnia also can lead to obesity. Certain medicines like antidepressants, diabetes medications, and corticosteroids etc can lead to obesity. Also low thyroid function, arthritis can lead to weight gain.
Which health problems are related with obesity?
Obesity can increase the risk of following diseases:
- Coronary heart disease: Obesity makes a person more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol. This can lead to coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is a condition in which plaque forms in the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This plaque can narrow or block the coronary arteries. This will result in reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. This can lead to heart attack. Obesity can also lead to heart failure.
- Stroke: When plaque builds up in the arteries, blood clots form. If this clot is close to the brain, the clot can block the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain. This leads to stroke.
- Type 2 diabetes: Generally people with suffering with obesity have high blood sugar levels. This can cause type-2 diabetes. Further diabetes leads to kidney disease, blindness, early death etc.
- Cancer: Obesity increases the risk of many types of cancer. Obesity can lead to cancer of colon, breast, kidney, esophagus, endometrium, gallbladder, pancreas, ovaries etc.
- Gallbladder disease: Obesity is linked to gallstones and gallbladder disease. Rapid weight loss can also lead to gallstones. Hence an ideal approach to weight loss is to lose about 1 pound a week.
- Osteoarthritis: When one is obese, his weight puts extra pressure on the joints and the cartilage tends to wear away. This can lead to osteoarthritis. Generally it occurs in the hip, knee or back.
- Gout: When people are obese, they can have increased amounts of uric acid in the blood. This uric acid can form crystals. When these crystals deposit on the joints, it leads to a disease called gout.
- Sleep apnea: People who are overweight tend to snore heavily in their sleep. This can cause infrequent breathing during sleep. This condition is called sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can increase the chances of heart disease and stroke.
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