Are you in a constant state of low mood? Do you sleep for long hours? You are showing signs of depression! Uncontrolled depression can lead to obesity, alcohol abuse, family conflicts, social isolation etc. Depression can also lead to death. Depression can be treated in many ways. What are they? Read on…
Depression is a constant state of low mood wherein one loses interest in activities.
Women are 70 % more likely to suffer from depression when compared to men. Hormonal fluctuations, family responsibilities, stress at work etc can cause depression in women. Family history increases the risk of depression. A person is 2 to 3 times more likely to experience depression when his family members have depression. Depression can make people see or hear things that are not present in real.
Depression is treated with the help of antidepressants. When antidepressants don’t reduce depression, the doctor will suggest psychological treatment. Psychological therapies not only make a person recover from depression, they also prevent depression in future.
There are various types of psychological treatments to treat depression.
Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT): Cognitive behaviour therapy is suited for the people who are not only depressed but also have a negative attitude towards life. CBT is conducted by trained therapists either in one-on-one basis or in small groups. In this, people are made to look at the evidence of negative thoughts in a logical way. Moreover, therapists tell people to change the way they view the world. Generally, a therapist will take 6-10 sessions. However the number of sessions varies from person to person.
Interpersonal therapy: Interpersonal therapy is suited for the people who suffer from depression because of social life and personality. In IPT, the people are made to realize the patterns in their relationships that lead to depression. When they identify these patterns, they can focus on improving relationships. They can cope with grief and they can find new ways to get along with others. Generally a person will need 12-16 sessions of interpersonal therapy.
Mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT): In MBCT, people are made to think about the present moment. It can be pleasant or unpleasant. People will firstly experience their breathing and then they will focus on feelings and thoughts. MBCT teaches people not to worry about past or future. In this way, people will notice their sad feelings and they will be able to deal with it.
Positive psychology: Positive psychology aims to give more to people than just relieving depression. It teaches them to cultivate habits which are best within them so that the people can achieve the best things in their life. According to positive psychology keeping a gratitude diary, performing small acts of kindness etc can improve wellbeing.
Psychotherapies: In psychotherapy, the therapist builds a strong bond with the patient. By this the therapist gets to know the past events in the patient’s life and he will know how the past events have led to the current depression. The patient is made to understand the link in between the past and present. This will reduce the depression and will prevent depression in the future.
When left untreated, depression can lead to death. Hence if you suffer from depression, take the above treatments now and relieve yourself from depression. Consult a psychologist online for depression at eVaidya!
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