Do you suffer from vaginal bleeding in between your periods? Do you have vaginal discharge? You might be suffering from cervical cancer! Cervical cancer can lead to life-threatening diseases like blood clots, kidney failure etc. To treat cervical cancer, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Cervical cancer is a kind of cancer that occurs in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus. It opens into vagina. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus that plays a major role in causing most of the cases of cervical cancer.
What are the types of cervical cancer?
There are 2 types of cervical cancer. They are as follows:
- Squamous cell carcinoma: Squamous cell carcinoma begins in the thin, flat cells that line the outer part of the cervix that project into the vagina. Usually cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinoma in type.
- Adenocarcinoma: In adenocarcinoma, the cervical cancer occurs in the column-glandular shaped cells lining the cervix.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
The symptoms of cervical cancer are as follows:
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
- Vaginal bleeding between periods or after menopause
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Pain during intercourse
In the advanced stages of cervical cancer, the person will experience the following symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Extreme tiredness
- Leg pain
- Back pain
- Swollen legs
- Leakage of urine or stool from the vagina
- Bone fractures
What increases the risk of cervical cancer?
The factors that increase the risk of developing cervical cancer are as follows:
- Early sexual activity: Since youngsters don’t possess much knowledge on sex and its precautions, practicing sex at an early stage can lead to cervical cancer.
- High-risk sexual behaviours: If a person has sex with more than 1 partner or if he has sex with a person who has sex with more than one partner, the person has increased risk of developing cervical cancer.
- Sexually transmitted diseases: Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, HIV/AIDS etc increase the risk of developing cervical cancer.
- Weak immune system: Immune system fights the bacteria, virus and parasites and protects the body from diseases. If this immune system gets weakened, then the person is more likely to get cervical cancer.
- Smoking: According to a study, women who smoke are 14 times more likely to develop cervical cancer whereas non-smokers are 6 times more likely to develop cervical cancer. Smoking will prevent the body’s immune system to fight against HPV. Smoking will also speed up the process by which HPV causes cancer.
What happens when you ignore the signs of cervical cancer?
When you ignore cervical cancer, it leads to the following conditions:
- Kidney failure: When the cancerous tumor presses against the uterus, it blocks the flow of urine. When this happens, the urine in excess quantities will get filled up in kidneys, so the kidneys become swollen and stretched. This will lead to the loss of kidney functions which in turn leads to kidney failure.
- Blood clots: As with any other kind of cancer, cervical cancer leads to the formation of blood clots. When these blood clots travel up to the lungs, it might block the supply of blood to the lungs. This can be fatal.
Hence cervical cancer can claim your life. For more information on cervical cancer, consult a pathologist online at eVaidya now!
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