Do you experience pain in your joints? Do you also experience fever and excessive tiredness? You might be showing signs of arthritis! Arthritis can make sitting and walking difficult. Untreated arthritis can lead to twisted joints. To treat arthritis you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Arthritis is the inflammation of joints. Though inflammation is the body’s natural response to a disease or injury, an inflammation for a long time can indicate arthritis.
Some of the common types of arthritis are as follows:
- Osteoarthritis: In osteoarthritis, the cartilage covering the bones wear off. With this, the bones begin to rub each other. This causes pain and inflammation.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the joints and other organs. This will lead to inflammation in joints.
- Gout: Gout occurs when the body is not able to eliminate a natural substance called uric acid. This excess uric acid forms needle-like crystals in the joints, this leads to inflammation in the joints.
What are the Symptoms of Arthritis?
Generally osteoarthritis does not cause symptoms outside the joint. Other types of arthritis cause fever, rash, excessive tiredness along with the following signs of joint inflammation:
- Tender feeling
Factors like family history, age, previous joint injury, obesity etc increase the risk of arthritis.
How is Arthritis Treated?
Arthritis can be treated with the help of medicines, physical therapy or surgery.
Medicines: Medicines given depend on the type of arthritis. However, the following medicines are common for any type of arthritis:
- Analgesics: Analgesics relieve pain but they don’t reduce inflammation. Examples of analgesics are acetaminophen, tramadol etc.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): NSAIDS are used to treat both pain and inflammation. Examples of NSAIDS are ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. NSAIDS are available in the form of creams and gels too.
- Counterirritants: Counterirritants contain menthol or capsaicins that interfere with the transmission of pain signals from joint itself.
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDS): DMARDS stop the immune system from attacking the joints. Examples of immune system are methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine etc.
- Biologics: Biologics are used to target protein molecules that are a part of the immune response. Examples of biologics are etanercept and infliximab.
- Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. They can be taken orally or be injected into the painful joint.
Physical therapy: Arthritis can be cured with the help of exercises that promote movement and strengthen muscles surrounding joints.
Surgery: When the above treatments fail, the doctor can suggest a surgery. There are 2 type of surgery to treat arthritis.
- Joint replacement surgery: In joint replacement surgery, the damaged joint is replaced by an artificial joint. Generally the joints in the hips and thighs are replaced.
- Joint fusion surgery: In joint fusion surgery, the doctor removes the ends of 2 bones in a joint and then he locks the ends until they heal into one rigid unit. Generally this surgery is performed on smaller joints present in the wrist, ankle, fingers etc.
Arthritis in the hands and legs can make a person impossible to carry on with his daily tasks. Sitting or walking can become difficult. When untreated for a long time, the joints can become twisted and diffused. Hence, if you suffer from any of the symptoms of arthritis, take action now and Consult an orthopaedist online at eVaidya now!
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