Do you experience frequent urination? Do you feel hungry even after you have meals? You might be showing signs of diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease. When left untreated, diabetes can cause kidney damage, nerve damage etc. To treat diabetes, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Diabetes is a condition wherein the person suffers from high blood sugar levels for prolonged periods.
Diabetes is of 3 types:
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is a condition wherein the body of the person makes insulin but the cells do not use insulin properly. Gestational diabetes is a condition wherein pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes have common symptoms.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger even after eating
- Frequent urination
- Excessive tiredness
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling sensation in hand or feet
- Frequent infections of skin, urinary tract or vagina
Along with above symptoms a person with type 1 diabetes can experience dry mouth, abdominal pain, heavy breathing etc.
In addition to the 9 symptoms mentioned above, a person with type 2 diabetes can experience sores that heal slowly, itchy skin especially around groin area, reduced vision, impotency etc.
What increases the risk of type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is rare when compared to type 2 diabetes. A person can get type 1 diabetes when his parents or sibling suffer from diabetes. Generally it’s seen in whites when compared to African-Americans.
What increases the risk of type 2 diabetes?
The following factors increase the risk of type 2 diabetes:
- Age: People who are above 45 have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Obesity: Since increase in the fatty tissue leads to insulin resistance, people who are obese have higher chances of getting type 2 diabetes.
- Family history: A person carries high risk of type 2 diabetes when his parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes.
- Lack of exercise: When a person exercises, the body uses glucose as energy; the cells become more sensitive to insulin. Hence lack of exercise can lead to type 2 diabetes.
- High blood pressure: People who have blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg carry high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels: People having low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and high levels of triglycerides are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes: If a woman developed gestational diabetes during her pregnancy, she is at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in her lifetime.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: If a woman has polycystic ovary syndrome, she might develop type 2 diabetes later in her life.
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