Symptoms of Diabetes you shouldn’t Ignore

Symptoms of Diabetes you shouldn’t Ignore

Do you experience frequent urination? Do you feel hungry even after you have meals? You might be showing signs of diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease. When left untreated, diabetes can cause kidney damage, nerve damage etc. To treat diabetes, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…

Diabetes is a condition wherein the person suffers from high blood sugar levels for prolonged periods.
Diabetes is of 3 types:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is a condition wherein the body of the person makes insulin but the cells do not use insulin properly. Gestational diabetes is a condition wherein pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes have common symptoms.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes are as follows:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger even after eating
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in hand or feet
  • Frequent infections of skin, urinary tract or vagina

Along with above symptoms a person with type 1 diabetes can experience dry mouth, abdominal pain, heavy breathing etc.

In addition to the 9 symptoms mentioned above, a person with type 2 diabetes can experience sores that heal slowly, itchy skin especially around groin area, reduced vision, impotency etc.

What increases the risk of type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is rare when compared to type 2 diabetes. A person can get type 1 diabetes when his parents or sibling suffer from diabetes. Generally it’s seen in whites when compared to African-Americans.

What increases the risk of type 2 diabetes?

The following factors increase the risk of type 2 diabetes:

  • Age: People who are above 45 have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Obesity: Since increase in the fatty tissue leads to insulin resistance, people who are obese have higher chances of getting type 2 diabetes.
  • Family history: A person carries high risk of type 2 diabetes when his parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes.
  • Lack of exercise: When a person exercises, the body uses glucose as energy; the cells become more sensitive to insulin. Hence lack of exercise can lead to type 2 diabetes.
  • High blood pressure: People who have blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg carry high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels: People having low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and high levels of triglycerides are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes: If a woman developed gestational diabetes during her pregnancy, she is at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in her lifetime.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: If a woman has polycystic ovary syndrome, she might develop type 2 diabetes later in her life.

In the long run, diabetes can cause harm to eyes, nerves, kidneys etc. Hence take action now! If you suffer from any of the symptoms of diabetes, consult an endocrinologist online at eVaidya now!

 

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