Do you experience heavy periods? Do you experience pain during periods? These are some signs of endometriosis. With time endometriosis can lead to infertility, ovarian cancer, etc. It can occur when your parent or sibling have suffered from it. To treat endometriosis you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Endometriosis is a condition in women in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
The tissue that grows outside the uterus is called as implants. During menstrual cycles, the implants thicken and bleed. Since the implants are outside the uterus, the blood cannot flow out of the body. These implants get irritated and become painful. They can form scar tissue or cysts. With cysts, it is hard to get pregnant.
What are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?
The symptoms are as follows:
- Pelvic pain, cramping, lower back and abdominal pain during periods
- Pain while having sex
- Pain during bowel movements
- Heavy periods
- Spotting or bleeding in between periods
- Bleeding after sex
- Blood in urine or stool
- Pain while passing urine
What cause Endometriosis?
Endometriosis can be caused due to a suppressed immune system which may not destroy the endometrial cells by itself. Heavy bleeding can also result in this disorder. The embryonic cells can grow to become endometrial cells that can cause this disease. After a C-section or hysterectomy the endometrial cells can attach the surgical incision which can lead to this disease. Blood or lymph fluid can carry endometrial cells to different parts of the body which can result in in this disease.
What increases the risk of Endometriosis?
The following factors can increase the risk:
- Family history
- Medical conditions that prevent the normal menstrual cycles
- Never gives birth
- Uterine, cervix or vagina have abnormal shape
- Early puberty
How is it treated?
If the woman is suffering from pain and she isn’t getting pregnant soon, the doctor will recommend her birth control pills or anti-inflammatories. When the hormone therapy doesn’t work or if the implants are affecting other organs, the doctor will suggest a surgery.
The doctor can perform a laparoscopic surgery, which is a minimally invasive surgery in which the surgeon makes small incisions at or around the belly button and lower portion of the belly. Then the doctor will place a thin tube with camera into 1 incision to look for endometriosis. Once the endometriosis is identified, the doctor will place small instruments to remove the implants. Since the incisions are small, the laparoscopic surgery ensures quick recovery and less pain.
When a woman has no pregnancy plans and she has had little relief from the treatments, the doctor can recommend the removal of uterus and ovaries. This will lead to early menopause.
When left untreated endometriosis can lead to infertility, ovarian cancer and endometriosis-associated adenocarcinoma. Hence, if you experience any symptoms of endometriosis, consult online gynaecologist at eVaidya now!
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