Are your menstrual cycles irregular? Do you have extra hair on face, chest, belly or back? If you are experiencing these symptoms related to PCOS, you should treat them immediately. Else, they can lead to heart disease and diabetes. Keep reading to check for more symptoms.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease in women which occurs due to imbalance of hormones. In women having this disease, cysts are formed on the ovaries.
What are its symptoms?
Generally people develop symptoms of this disease when they reach puberty. In rare cases, symptoms arise during the reproductive years. Symptoms are generally noticed when the woman undergoes weight gain.
- Hair loss
- Ovulation problems or frequent miscarriages
- Irregular breathing while sleeping
- Increase in insulin levels
What causes it?
Doctors believe that genetics and hormonal changes can lead to this disease. A woman can get this disease when any woman in her family has PCOS, diabetes or irregular periods. One can get this disease from the mother’s or father’s side.
How is it diagnosed?
Initially, the doctor will ask you about your medical history which includes the symptoms. He/she will also ask about your diet, medications, exercise and family history.
The tests to diagnose this condition are:
- Physical exam: In this, the doctor will examine your thyroid gland, skin, hair, breasts, etc. Your blood pressure will be noted down and he/she can carry out a pelvic exam to check for abnormal ovaries. The doctor can also calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI).
- Ultrasound: The doctor can suggest a pelvic ultrasound to detect the abnormal ovaries with cysts. In this, the patient will lie on the bed and a wand-like device is inserted in vagina which will take images, these images will be studied on a computer screen.
- Blood tests: They can be carried out to know the thyroid, glucose, testosterone, prolactin, cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
How is it treated?
PCOS can be treated by lifestyle changes, hormone therapy and surgeries.
- If you are having extra weight, weight loss can treat hormonal imbalance, irregular menstrual cycles and ovulation issues.
- Consume a diet containing right quantities of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products.
- Moderate exercise on a regular basis can help you in losing weight.
- People who smoke should quit smoking.
If the above changes don’t solve PCOS and if you are planning for a pregnancy, you can go for hormone therapy. This includes birth control pills, patches and vaginal rings.
When a woman is not ovulating after taking medicines, surgery might be the best option. There are two surgery options.
- Ovarian wedge resection: In this, the doctor will remove a part of an ovary. This is a rarely used method to treat menstrual and ovulation problems.
- Laparoscopic ovarian drilling: In this, a metal rod is passed in the ovary to damage some parts of it; laser can also be used for the same purpose. This treatment is used to treat ovulation problems.
If you experience any of the symptoms of PCOS, consult a gynaecologist online at eVaidya now!
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