Do you recognize the Symptoms of Thalassemia

Do you recognize the Symptoms of Thalassemia

Do you experience weakness? Do you have facial bone deformities? Do you suffer from abdominal swelling? You might be showing signs of thalassemia! Thalassemia can lead to severe diseases like health problems, delayed growth, iron overload etc. To treat thalassemia, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms of thalassemia? Read on…

Thalassemia is a condition in which the person has abnormal levels of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is important to the body since it helps red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.

What are the symptoms of thalassemia?

The symptoms of thalassemia are as follows:

  • Excessive tiredness
  • Pale skin
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Delayed growth
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Skin turns yellow in colour

In children, the symptoms of thalassemia are as follows:

  • Deformities in skull bone
  • Frequent fevers
  • Diarrhea
  • Slow growth

What causes thalassemia?

A person gets thalassemia when he has mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin.
There are 2 type of thalassemia:

  1. Alpha thalassemia
  2. Beta thalassemia
  1. Alpha thalassemia: In alpha thalassemia, 4 genes are involved in making the alpha hemoglobin chain.
  • 1 mutated gene: When a person inherits 1 mutated gene then he won’t have signs of thalassemia. However the person can pass thalassemia to his children.
  • 2 mutated genes: When a person inherits 2 mutated genes, he will show mild signs of thalassemia.
  • 3 mutated genes: When a person inherits 3 mutated genes, the person will show moderate to severe symptoms.
  • 4 mutated genes: When a person inherits 4 mutated genes, her foetus might die before delivery or the newborn will die shortly after birth.
  1. Beta thalassemia: In beta thalassemia, 2 genes are involved in making beta hemoglobin chain.
  • One mutated gene: When a person inherits 1 mutated gene, the person experiences mild signs of thalassemia.
  • Two mutated genes: When a person inherits, 2 mutated genes the person will suffer from mild to moderate symptoms.

What are the risk factors of thalassemia?

The below factors increase the risk of thalassemia:

  • Family history: The risk of thalassemia increases when your parents have thalassemia.
  • Certain ancestry: Thalassemia risk is higher in people of Italian, Greek, Middle Eastern, Asian and African ancestry.

What happens when you ignore thalassemia?

When a person ignores thalassemia, he might develop serious diseases. The serious diseases are as follows:

  • Iron overload: People having thalassemia can get overloaded with calcium because of the disease and frequent blood transfusions. Extra quantities of iron lead to problems of heart, liver and endocrine system.
  • Infection: When the patient with thalassemia has his spine removed, he has an increased risk of infection.
  • Delayed growth: Due to thalassemia, the person might have a delay in puberty.
  • Heart problems: A person with thalassemia has a higher risk of developing congestive heart failure, abnormal heart rhythms etc.
  • Bone deformities: In people with thalassemia the bone marrow expands, this will cause the bones to widen. This can lead to abnormal bone structure in face and skull.
  • Enlarged spleen: Thalassemia may lead to enlarged spleen. If the spleen grows too big it should be removed.

When you ignore the signs of thalassemia, you will suffer from serious diseases like heart problems, bone deformities etc. To know more about thalassemia, consult a hemotologist online on eVaidya now!

 

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