Does your child experience a burning sensation while urinating? Does he frequently pass urine in small quantities? He might be showing signs of urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infections can lead to permanent kidney failure. To treat urinary tract infections, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Urinary tract infection is an infection in the urinary tract. It can affect the kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra.
Depending on the location of occurrence, urinary tract infection can be divided into 3 types:
- Acute pyelonephritis that affects the kidneys
- Cystitis that affects the bladder
- Urethritis that affects the urethra
What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections?
An infant with urinary tract infection can experience the following symptoms:
- Strange-smelling urine
- Crying during urination
- Reduced appetite
An older child can experience the following symptoms of urinary tract infection:
- Strong urge to urinate
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Passing urine frequently in small quantities
- Urine that appears cloudy
- Urine that contains blood
- Strange-smelling urine
E coli bacteria are the main cause for urinary tract infections. However other bacteria, viruses and fungi can also cause urinary tract infections.
What increases the risk of urinary tract infections?
The following factors increase the risk of urinary tract infections:
- Problems in kidneys: Kidney stones and other urinary obstructions can cause urinary tract infections. Changes in the anatomy of the urinary tract can also increase the risk of urinary tract infection.
- Problems while urinating: If the child is not emptying his bladder completely or if he suffers from infrequent urination or constipation, he is at an increased risk of developing urinary tract infection. If the child is not able to urinate on his own, a catheter can be used. Bacteria can enter this catheter. This can lead to urinary tract infection.
- Uncircumcised penis: In an uncircumcised penis, the foreskin can trap the bacteria which can enter the urinary tract. This can cause urinary tract infection.
- Previous UTI’s: If the child has already suffered from an UTI, he is at an increased risk of developing more UTI’s in the future.
- Family history: If the child has a parent or sibling who is suffering from urinary tract infection, the child is at an increased risk of developing a urinary tract infection.
What happens when urinary tract infections are not treated immediately?
When urinary tract infections are not treated immediately, the child might suffer from permanent kidney damage.
Hence if your child shows any of the symptoms of urinary tract infection, consult an online paediatrician at eVaidya now!
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