Is your child having large abdomen or showing blood in urine? The child might be showing symptoms of Wilms’ tumor. Wilms’ tumor means cancer in kidneys and when left untreated the cancer from kidney can spread to the brain. To treat Wilms’ tumor, you should know its symptoms. What are the symptoms? Read on…
Wilms’ tumor is the most common type of kidney cancer in children. Generally Wilms’ tumor occurs in children aged 3-4 years. It is rarely found in children of 5 years. Wilms’ tumor is also known as nephroblastoma.
What are the symptoms of Wilms’ tumor?
The symptoms of Wilms’ tumor are as follows:
- Abnormally large abdomen
- Pain in the abdomen
- Blood in the urine
- High blood pressure
What increases the risk of Wilms’ tumor?
The following conditions increase the risk of Wilms’ tumor:
- Children with black complexion: Children having black complexion are more likely to develop Wilms’ tumor than children with white complexion.
- Family history: A child can develop Wilms’ tumor when members in his family have had Wilms’ tumor.
A child can develop Wilms’ tumor when he is born with the following diseases:
- Undescended testicles: If the child’s one or both testicles fail to descend in the scrotum, the child can develop Wilms’ tumor.
- Aniridia: If the child’s iris i.e. the coloured part of the eye forms partially or doesn’t form at all, he is at increased risk of developing Wilms’ tumor.
- Hemihypertrophy: If the child’s one side is larger than the other side, he might develop Wilms’ tumor.
- Hypospadias: If a child’s urinary opening is not at the tip of his penis, but it is on the underside, he has a risk of developing Wilms’ tumor.
- Denys-Drash syndrome: In this syndrome, the boy suffers from Wilms’ tumor, kidney disease and pseudohermaphroditism. Pseudohermaphroditism is a condition in which a boy is born with testicles but he exhibits female characteristics.
- WAGR syndrome: WAGR syndrome includes Wilms’ tumor, aniridia, abnormalities in genitals and urinary system and mental retardation.
- Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: This syndrome includes abdominal; organs that protrude into the base of the umbilical cord, large tongue and enlarged internal organs.
What happens when Wilms’ tumor is ignored?
When Wilms’ tumor is not treated immediately, the tumor from 1 kidney can spread to the other kidney. When Wilms’ tumor is found in both kidneys and it is left untreated, the tumor can grow in size and spread to the lungs, liver, bone or brain, hence damaging the whole body.
If you don’t treat Wilms’ tumor immediately it can spread to different parts of the body. It can prove to be fatal. For more information on Wilms’ tumor, consult a pathologist online at eVaidya now!
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