Does your child experience burning sensation while urinating? Does he frequently pass urine in small quantities? He might be showing signs of urinary tract infection! When not detected in the early stages, urinary tract infection can require a surgery. Hence take action now! There are various ways to treat urinary tract infections. What are they? Read on…
Urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs in the urinary tract. It can affect the kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra. An infection occurring in the urethra or bladder is called as cystitis whereas an infection occurring in the kidneys is called as pyelonephritis. Generally pyelonephritis is a serious disease.
Urinary tract infections are common in kids. By the time kids reach the age of 5, 8% of the girls and 1-2% of boys might have already had one. Since a girl’s urethra is shorter and closer to the anus, girls have increased chances of developing urinary tract infection. Boys with uncircumcised penis who are below 1 year also have an increased risk of developing urinary tract infection.
Kids who possess poor toilet and hygiene habits are at a greater risk of developing urinary tract infections. Kids who bathe with bubble baths or soaps also have an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections.
Burning sensation while urinating, blood in urine, urine that appears cloudy etc are some of the symptoms of urinary tract infections. In majority of the cases, E coli bacteria cause urinary tract infections. However, urinary tract infections can be caused due to other bacteria, virus and fungi.
Urinary tract infections can be diagnosed by analyzing a urine sample. The doctor can also recommend ultrasound, X-rays taken during urination etc.
How is urinary tract infection treated in children?
Firstly the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. After the child completes the course of antibiotics, the doctor may repeat the urine tests to check if the infection has gone.
When a child suffers from pain during urination, the doctor can suggest a pain medication that numbs the lining of urinary tract. This will turn the urine into orange colour. Don’t be afraid, the colour has no significance.
Generally the symptoms reduce in 2-3 days after acquiring the treatment.
Monitor the child’s temperature. Call the doctor if the temperature rises above 101°F (38.3°C).
Generally children become well with antibiotics, however some children with more severe condition might need to receive antibiotics through injections or through veins.
The kids can be hospitalised in the following scenarios:
- Child has high fever or might be suffering from kidney infection
- Child is younger than 6 months
- Bacteria has spread from the urinary tract to the blood
- Child is dehydrated or is vomiting
- Child cannot take medication by mouth
Kids in whom the urine is going back to the ureters without flowing out from the urethra should be watched closely. The doctor can prescribe medications or surgery.
In the long run, urinary tract infections can lead to kidney damage. If your child experiences the symptoms of urinary tract infections, consult a pediatrician online at eVaidya now!
Need a Online Doctor? Check out Online Doctor Services.